From 'Family based' to 'Industrial based' production Combining the triple Helix model and 'Empowerment' in a LED approach.

  • Bartjan Pennink

    Landleven 5, 9700 AV Groningen, Netherlands


    Time : Sat, Nov 23 15.00 - 15.20

    Room : Ayodya C



Abstract

Many regions in the world are not yet developed in such a way that all the inhabitants of that region can live a life that at least meets some minimum standards of staying alive. Many attempts have been initiated and many theories have also been developed on how to set up economic activities. However, most of them were not working properly or were much too focused on the economic development at the macro level and did not realize that much improvement for the local communities. In this situation, the worldbank initiated a focus on local economic development programs, the purpose being to build up the economic capacity of a local area to improve its economic future and the quality of life for all. All kind of actors in a specific region has to become partners order to work together collectively to achieve goals. Here the triple helix idea comes in and we shall show that in the daily practice, as far as we have seen, the first initiatives for LED programs usually came from the national government and in a second phase were worked out by local actors. In terms of the Helix model this means for this kind of work that the government as an actor should be worked out in at least the national government and the local governmental agencies. Also for the business as an actor in the Helix model we will show in this paper that this kind of actor can also be more specified. In a second line of reasoning we will focus on how the actors can become partners and work together. For this we will borrow from the sociological field of knowledge. Concepts like 'social capital', 'empowerment' and 'social entrepreurship' will be used to develop a theoretical perspective that might shed new light on what local economic development processes look like and how they can be influenced. From the perspective of the Helix model we pay attention to the questions of wich actors (or actor) take the initiative and what kind of activities are they starting with. In cooperation with the Indonesian Government (The ministry of planning; the Bappenas), The Neso (Netherland Educational Office) we (The ITB and Rug) were invited to develop with them how to set up programs in a practical way for remote areas in such a way that local economic development could be initiated and worked out in (small scale) business activities with the extra condition that all or at least a large part of that local community was involved and the quality of llife of all people in these areas would improve. Our REDS (we changed the name into Reds instead of Led) program focuses on resource development and empowerment of the local community. The basic idea underlying this program is that the growth of a region is dependent on its ability to come along with the competition in the market. Many regions in Indonesia possess products with a certain economic potential for national and international markets. Most of the time, these products and the way these products are produced are family based, dependent on the season, harvest conditions and availability of human power to produce. In our program, we strive to support activities that will present the possibility to change these family based production ways to a more industrialized way of producing these goods. Creating sustainable growth in the target regions by providing the government and policy makers with the knowledge and skills for developing more efficient and effective policies and strategies can be seen as the overall goal of the REDS program.

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Triple Helix Conference I Amsterdam, 1996 II New York, 1998 III Rio de Janeiro, 2000 IV Copenhagen, 2002 V Turin, 2005 VI Singapore, 2007 VII Glasgow, 2009 VIII Madrid, 2010 IX Stanford, 2011 X Indonesia, 2012 XI London, 2013
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